Portrait of Major Salmon S. Matthews, 1861-1865. Pontiac. Entered service in company D, Fifth Infantry, at organization, as First Lieutenant, June 19, 1861, at Fort Wayne, for 3 years, age 23. Commissioned June 19, 1861. Mustered Aug. 28, 1861. Commissioned Captain Oct. 11, 1861. Mustered to date Oct. 11, 1861. Wounded in action at Glendale, Va., June 30, 1862. Taken prisoner July 1, 1862. Exchanged Sept. 1, 1862. Commissioned Major May 3, 1863. Mustered May 3, 1863. Wounded in action at Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863, Charles City Cross Roads, and at the Wilderness, Va. Commissioned Lieutenant Colonel June 11, 1854. Mustered June 20, 1864. Discharged on Surgeon's certificate of disability Dec. 21, 1864, on account of woulds received in action. Brevet Colonel and Brigadier General, U. S. Volunteers, March 13, 1865, for gallant and meritorious services at the battles of Glendale and the Wilderness. Was in battles of Yorktown, Peach Orchard, Charles City Cross Roads, Cedars, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wapping Heights, Auburn and Kelley's Ford (Descriptive Roll Fifth Michigan Volunteers).